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14th October 2021

A new report has found that the UK’s night time cultural economy sector has been ravaged by the pandemic, with around 86,000 jobs lost in the sector since the 2019 high.

The report, commissioned by the Night Time Industries Association (NTIA), shows for the first time the value of the UK’s night time cultural economy, which was 1.6% of GDP - or £36.4 billion – in 2019. This contribution accounted for 425,000 jobs across the UK.

The revelations have implications for the wider economy’s recovery from the pandemic, with clear evidence of significant economic ‘scarring’. While the Government is portraying shortages in many sectors as being ‘transitional’ on the path to a high wage economy, there are fears that many of the jobs lost to the pandemic in the night time economy sector will lost for good, with businesses closing and persistently lower demand for services.

Michael Kill, CEO of the Night Time Industries Association, which has been leading the opposition to government proposals for vaccine passports, said that the new data shows that “it is the worst possible time to introduce vaccine passports, which will further damage a sector essential to the economic recovery.”

The intervention comes after Mr Kill and the NTIA have made a series of recommendations to the Chancellor on how to support the sector ahead of the upcoming Budget.

In his foreword to the report, Co-Chair of the APPG for the Night Time Economy, Conservative MP Christian Wakeford, commented on the importance of recognising the value of nightlife industries, but warned, “as we look to rebuild from the devastation of the pandemic, we must not leave this vital sector behind.”

Michael Kill, CEO of the NTIA, commented in full:

“We are pleased to be able to present today this important and timely piece of work quantifying, for the first time, the size of the night time economy in the UK.”

“Important, because in my 25-year career working in UK nightlife, it has always struck me as so odd that we did not have a proper accounting of the value of this important sector. Today’s report puts that right, and is long overdue.

“It’s timely because at this moment, governments in Scotland and Wales are pressing ahead with chaotic vaccine passport plans, and the UK Government refuses to rule out their use in England. It is the worst possible time to introduce vaccine passports, which will further damage a sector essential to the economic recovery.”

“It is crucial the Chancellor use the upcoming Budget to support this beleaguered sector. We are calling for him to extend the 12.5% rate of VAT on hospitality until 2024, include door sales in that reduced rate of VAT, because the present system punishes nightclubs that rely on door sales rather than selling tickets, and for him to ensure there are no increases in Alcohol Duties – our sector really cannot afford any additional burdens.”


Notes to editors:

1. Please contact for sight of full report.

2. Please contact for sight of NTIA Budget submission.

3. The Night Time Industries Association (NTIA) is the leading trade body representing the businesses in the Night Time Economy in the UK. It has more 1200 members, including night clubs, bars, casinos, festivals, and supply chain businesses

4. The definition used here for the Night Time Economy (NTE) includes all those sub-sectors within the Out of Home Leisure Economy (OHLE) that primarily serve the evening or night-time consumer – i.e., 6pm to 6am. The Night Time Cultural Economy (NTCE) is a further segmentation which includes those elements of the NTE that are driven by cultural and leisure activities. Estimates are also provided for the NTE and OHLE more broadly.

5. It is the first time this data has been collected in this way for the night time economy in the UK.

6. The NTIA commissioned leading leisure consultants, CGA, and night time economy researchers, MAKE, to model these sectors and provide a baseline for a study that can be updated annually to track the performance of the sector

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